Editing Tips For First Drafts

Hello fellow writers, re-writers and readers

Just a quick note to let you know I’ve finished my first draft of the manuscript

IN The Woods“In The Woods”

I’m very excited about the story line, it’s different from my last books and I really like the protagonist, Samantha Tremblay. She’s a Vermont Forest Ranger who’s involved with solving a murder after she stumbles across the first dead body in the woods. Samantha has her own quest as well, finding her Native American roots. I hope to represent that group of people as best I can. We all want to know who we are, where we come from, but for Native Americans, it’s often a difficult path.

I still have to edit some more, but I think a break is needed just to forget about the work for a week, so then I can begin again with fresh eyes. This is an editing practice—to step away and let the brain rest, and it works!

My Process to write first draft:

  • I write the draft using Scrivener to help me make a cohesive story line using the tools available, which includes tracking my word count, a great motivator.
  • Then I compile it into a Word docx file and use the editor in Word.
  • Next, I use the Grammarly editing software loaded into my Word software (it turns the Word editor off but gives many more insights, like overused words).
  • Last step, I take each chapter separately and paste it in the Hemingway App software for desktop and review and make changes as appropriate to make the manuscript easier to read.

When my first draft is finished, I load it into Jutoh software and create a quick eBook (no worries about meta data etc. yet) and share it with Beta reader(s). Then I’m ready to let someone else read it while I rest. So, this week I’m on vacation.

A few other editing tips:

I’m taking a week off, even writers deserve a vacation.

But do we ever really take one?

Of course, I’ll be reading by the pool, but if you’re like me, that becomes part of the writing training. I can no longer read just for the sake of reading. I dissect the plot, check the clues, see if the characters are congruent. I do the same when I watch a movie or television show. It’s a good way to recognize others’ skill of their craft.

The story could be the most thrilling you’ve experienced or a complete bomb, but always a learning experience for you.

EZIndiebutton2Keep Reading – Keep Writing!

Here’s some photos I took of Brunswick Springs

Writing For Yourself – VIP ME

new-year-quotesA new year means new chances for us to create the stories we want to write, read, and share. Stories should make the reader feel and a good way to accomplish this is using the five basic senses, and then some.

The basic five senses are taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing.

Let’s add a few more ‘senses’ to the list: Vision, Imagination, Plot, Movement, Emotion.

These added senses are created when a writer uses the first five as building blocks and configure them to such a degree, that they transcend the reader to a new experience level.

VIP – ME! Check it out and see if you agree.

Vision, more than just the sense of sight, but a total new experience that expands a reader’s mind. The reader is moved to feel emotions by the scene set before them and is challenged to think. VISION / taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing combinations:scottish-coast

When a scene is near the seashore we want to taste the sea water upon our drying lips, know that the waves are tossing the boats about, feel our stomachs churning and the wind blowing against our skin until we have goosebumps, smell the fish and seaweed, and hear the gulls squawking, blocking out every other around us. Vision refers to the entire experience that we can immerse the reader into . . . the reader will ask questions in order to learn more about the author’s vision.

Photo by George Hodan


Imagination, is needed when we introduce new places and situations to experience for the first time. A good story draws the reader into a room or a planet, but no matter the setting it will look fresh and is a place where the reader will be want to discover more. IMAGINATION / taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing combinations:

Good stories have vivid settings and take the reader away from their daily lives into a realm so wonderful that they have to keep reading. When a scene is placed on a futuristic planet a reader will experience the taste of new foods that may be tough or squishy, the sky may have different colors and odd clouds, hills explored may have odd formed trees and rocks might feel soft instead of hard, the air is sulfuric or smells rancid because of the different black foliage with spiked rods instead of leaves, the wildlife may have eerie mating calls that fill the night with moaning sounds . . . the reader will be hooked into this new place, and open to experience the ideas you have to show them.

Photo by linnaea mallette

Plot, is a map quest and the picking up of the clues crafted by the writer—the reader can actually catch the dropped comments, see the stained rug, taste the tainted food or wine. PLOT / taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing combinations:


Scenes build, one upon another, and the plotting is dribbled in between them, leading a reader to a new experience and surprise. A good story will let a character taste the tainted wine and spill it to avoid any subsequent unpleasantness—the reader will sense relief that the character isn’t dead (yet). Relevant objects are pieces that fit together in the end, allowing the reader to follow the trail while letting them touch the ornate ivory handle of the knife or feel the engraved markings of an antique jewel, objects that will be tied into a symbolic meaning when ‘The End’ is finally written. A good story allows cakes to burn and fill the house with thick smoke and allow the reader to smell the charred pan. Scenes can consist of boisterous crowds and be just as suspenseful when all noise suddenly stops! . . . A good story should always add a different twist to an old plot sequence to prevent boredom.

Movement, let the story roam and breath to discover more about the characters, and also reveal truths to the reader about themselves. It’s nothing a writer needs to do intentional, the smart reader will pick up the vibe and relate things to their own experiences. Allow achievement of goals and the ability to learn something new. MOVEMENT / taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing combinations:run2007calendarphoto-resized

A story with movement will have the characters eating at the corner greasy spoon or running over hills to the next scene, they’ll see road signs and other people bustling about boarding trains and planes, often characters touch each other with hugs and kisses and a reader can relate to the scene through their previous love experiences. As characters flee a crowded market they may smell the fresh-baked bread from the open window of a bakery they just passed (who can’t relate to that smell), and they might hear whistles blowing, perhaps the police chasing the antagonist or the misunderstood protagonist . . . the reader will remain active mentally and kept on their toes with the momentum of the story scenes.

Photo by kai-stachowiak

Emotion, allows the reader to be involved in the character’s lives and problems and swept away from their own daily life. Total reader investment is a good mark for any story and is usually an indication of a great suspense story. EMOTION / taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing combinations:red-sky

A scene that takes the first five senses and transforms a reader into emotional investment is true success. Suppose the setting is the deep woods. A character could be all alone eating a leftover cheese sandwich with dry bread and tangy mustard spread all over, maybe upset because their significant other dumped them in the middle of nowhere. Okay, now we have an experience most of us can relate to and we’re there with them, angry with the person who just dumped them. Then  a shadow crosses the path and now everything else is forgotten. Of course the lunch is dropped to the ground that’s covered in dried pine needles and dark green ivy wrapping around the towering trees with rough dark bark. They’re spruce trees that fill the air with a deep pine scent, comforting the character until he/she smells smoke. Then the crackle of a fire draws near, raging closer at tremendous speed. All the five senses have been deployed but the emotions have ramped up from the every day to urgency . . .  a great story will move a reader to feel something, not only a little, but will get them to want to do something, vicariously through the characters.reading-a-book

This investment compels the reader to keep turning the page, to look for the resolution. They can empathize with or at least understand a character.

Progress of my next novel, IN THE WOODS, is going well. I’m going back to my writing boards and pulling together the experiences that my characters’ extra senses will use in my next story. I like the setting—the North East Kingdom of Vermont. It’s a suspense thriller with some supernatural elements added. I’m very excited about my new characters and hope they keep revealing themselves to me.

Until my next update, Keep reading – Keep writing!

Writing While Learning Technique

MuseideaThe wonderful thing about writing is that the learning never ends. There are always new choices, characters and stories to uncover.

Most authors like to talk about their work, method and muse. There are as many ways to approach writing as there are authors, pretty much. Some say they don’t like to use specific techniques, like charting, storyboards or the Snowflake method. They prefer to write on the fly, rather than to organize and whittle down until they have the majority of the work spread out in a grid.


Both methods, panster and plotter, can work and both can fail, depending on the execution. I think that my job as the writer is to discover the best method that fits the individual story and character. Each story may need a different approach and require some comfort shifting on the part of the author.

Think about it for a moment. Every new story has new characters, plots and settings, so it only makes sense that they would also have a new voice and new approach to reveal the story.

To make this happen, maybe a new method can be beneficial. It’s worth a chance to check if something different than your usual working mode could enhance the project. Seeing the story through a different lens may enhance the story.

lookingglassFor example, in a sleuth story usually we picture an intelligent protagonist like Holmes or Miss Marple, who carefully analyzes the clues. Since these two familiar ghosts, many new characters have been written. The timeless ‘intelligent sleuth‘ has been the model for years. Readers know what to expect: the planted clues, the diversions. It’s a comfort read, written in an organized method of storytelling, the plotting of the clues, and building the suspense for the ultimate reveal. This is done usually while focusing on the character’s intelligence compared to the other characters. It’s all methodical.

But what if instead you use a different technique. Write the story in a rapid action, with twists instead of plots, and a timeline filled with random mishaps that the character has to react against. Switch from a well planned character and plot built up on purpose. Instead of methodically placed clues, allow the story to fall into its place. Try writing a character that reacts to catastrophic incidents. Allow that character to ‘be defined‘ by the rapid writing experience. Maybe you’d end up with a protagonist’s voice more like Jessica Jones. Maybe she’s more than you originally thought she’d be and has super powers. Different method ~ new voice.JessicaJones

Why am I writing about this topic?

While working on my next novel I’m asking these questions. I have a draft two-thirds written. Before completing the draft I’m stepping back to visualize my approach, to see how I can improve the story and character. Maybe a change of the POV? Or more character driven motivation instead of relying on the plot already outlined?

Already I made the decision to change location based on a second look. I’ve changed some of the main character’s backstory as well, which may not be relevant to the story’s action scenes. Yet, it may change her voice and her approach. These are the things I question and want to learn more about before I begin the rewrite.

In the end, I think it’s our characters who will tell us how to reveal the story and what method of writing works best.

So the real question remains – Will we listen to the character?

EZIndiebutton2Keep reading – Keep writing!


Catch this series if you haven’t already watched Jessica Jones


Writing method & techniques:






Snowflake method



Scrivener writing software